L'idéologie marxiste chrétienne
Que fait-on de l'Évangile?
Marxisme et foi en Dieu sont-ils compatibles? Un courant de pensée se développe même qui cherche à légitimer en théologie une adhésion au marxisme. On élabore une nouvelle lecture de l'Évangile, tout heureux de la proclamer matérialiste. Tout, jusqu'à la théologie elle-même, serait à repenser en fonction du marxisme et de ce qu'il fait découvrir : la lutte des classes. Paradoxe, ce courant s'affirme chez les chrétiens au moment où le marxisme passe, en son propre sein, par une crise d'identité et de crédibilité.
- La petite vermillon (n° 246)
- Paru le 13/04/2006
- Genres : Essais et documents - La Petite Vermillon
- 240 pages - 110 x 175 mm
- EAN : 9782710328605
- ISBN : 2710328607
Jesus and Marx. From Gospel to Ideology
USA (Wipf & Stock)
At what point does a theology become an ideology? How can a Christian distinguish the two? Jacques Ellul has always taken pains to differentiate them, but in this book he provides both a theoretical framework and important examples.
Some popular theologies, particularly those that attempt to intertwine biblical theology with Marxist thought, fall into the trap of reaching "theological" conclusions by other means, Ellul believes, so that we cannot consider them as true theologies.
From both a biblical-theological and sociopolitical perspective Ellul examines the attempt to relate Christianity to Marxist thought. By reviewing in detail several key Marxist-Christian books, Ellul exposes the weaknesses of so-called Marxist Christianity (which he says is neither Marxist nor Christian), and argues that the biblical perspective takes exception to all political power, leaving Christian anarchism as the realistic revolutionary option.
After a revelation that led him to Christianity and an intensive reading of Marx, Jacques Ellul studied law. He then devoted himself to reflection on the evolution of modern society. He noted the disappearance of rural life and the mechanization of man’s environment. He foresaw the magnitude of this ecological and social “great mutation”.
Considering that technique is the determining factor of modern society, he leads a critique of what he calls “technological tyranny”. He further analyses that technique self-increases, imposing its values of efficiency and technical progress, while denying man’s needs and culture as well as the nature.
Sociology is not his only field. His work is composed of theologian and historian output. Some would also say that he is a philosopher, although he did not define himself as such.
As a militant anarchist whose ideas are close to situationism, but also as a subtle commentator of Marxist thought and excesses, he was instrumental in the establishment of political ecology and reflections on Christian anarchism. He also wrote many theological works on the Gospel’s subversive and liberating aspects and on the “perversion” which the Christian revelation has suffered from. Some of his other works are thoughts on ethics and on hope.
Jacques Ellul can be considered as one of the fathers of the idea of rational economic decay and voluntary simplicity.
“Jacques Ellul, a true thinker” Royaliste
“A kind of clairvoyant who had already predict everything” Réforme
“His writings remained fiery, the prophet’s voice still resonates” La Croix